Swedish Mauser Model 1894 Carbine

Rifle cal. 6.55x55

After reviewing and testing several candidate rifles and various cartridge configurations in 1892-1894, Sweden finally settled on the 6.5x55mm cartridge to be chambered in their newest rifle, the M94. Closely based on the Spanish Model 1893, the Swedes decided to first upgrade their "non-infantry" soldiers, i.e., engineers, artillerymen, and transport guards, who generally required a defensive rifle rather than the 'full-size' rifle of the infantry soldiers. Hence, the handy carbine size of the Model 1894 (M94). The first increment of M94s was built at the Mauser Oberndorf factory, while the new Mauser machines, dies, and tooling were being installed for the Swedish-owned and -licensed Mauser rifle factory in Sweden, at Carl Gustafs Stadt (city). Pleased with the M94, Sweden would soon contract for the M96 infantry rifle. As the domestic production of the two new Mausers, both the M94 carbine and the M96 rifle, increased, Swede rifle production at the Mauser Oberndorf factory in Germany decreased gradually to zero in just a few years.


My example M94, above (also at top and below), was built at Mauser Oberndorf, Germany, in 1895. All the serial numbers match, both wood and metal. This configuration (with the bayonet mount) is often referred to as the M94/14, "1914" being the year that the bayonet fixture was added to the front nose cap and forestock assembly. The wood is most likely French or American walnut

The view below shows the (original!) sling through-the-stock buckle assembly, the unit identification disk (this equates to Rifle Number 93 of the 3rd Company of the 1st Regiment of Engineers). The darker rectangle plate at the top of the image is the ballistic conversion table necessitated by the adoption of the 6.5xmm spitzer (pointed) bullet, replacing the original round-nose 6.5xmm round.