Argentine Model 1909

Rifle cal. 7.65x54
"Mauser Modelo Argentino 1909"

See Targets

"Our weapons are good and well maintained but falling behind the pace of development in Europe, the US, Chile, and Brazil." - Argentine President Dr. José Figueroa Alcorta, May, 1906

Ah ha! ...Chile and Brazil. Keeping up with the neighbors. That's what it's all about in the arms race, a century ago as much as it is today. The above quoted statement by President Alcorta in his initial address to the nation of Argentina after assuming office, set in motion an arms acquisition effort which resulted in a contract with the German Mauser manufacturers Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabrik in Berlin, for 127,000 rifles and 30,000 carbines. These would soon take the designation of Mauser Modelo Argentino 1909, basically a Mauser Gew.98, but with some detail specifications by the Argentines making their model distinct from other Gew.98 versions, as supplied to Turkey, China, Brazil(!), and Peru, among others. One very obvious difference was the blued bolt release lever (most countries left this unblued or "in the white") with its unusual extension up and over the receiver bridge, shown below. The arrow points to one of the typical Argentine inspectors stamps, a different one appearing on almost every part of the rifle. Also below, see a series of targets I shot with this rifle using a variety of military surplus ammunition. As you can see, with its original iron sights, this rifle was inherently accurate, as well as good-looking! I need to get this one working on the 300 yard range, next outing. And try at least two different milsurps and possibly my handoads if I run a batch soon.

But of course the most important technical difference with the Argentine contract specification was the calibre of 7.65mmX54mm, of which I believe the only other country to use that calibre Mauser was Belgium.