1957 Hakim

Egyptian Semi-Automatic Rifle

cal. 7.92 (8) mm

"built by Egypt National State Firearms Factory Nr 12"

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Although built from scratch in Egypt, the Hakim is virtually the Swedish Army's 1942 "Ljungman" semi-automatic rifle, except in 7.92 (8)mm, instead of the Swedish 6.5mm. Many interchangeable parts, including the bayonet and removable box magazine. One obvious difference is the stock, with the Hakim wood appearing more massive and heavy, though also of common beechwood, whereas the Ljungmans were all stocked in very nice walnut. Egypt bought the entire Ljungman production line and duplicated it in Egypt in mid-1950s, and also contracted with former Swedish Ljungman staff to come to Egypt to supervise and inspect the Egyptian output. One design improvement over the Ljungman is the addition of a gas pressure adjustment valve, allowing the shooter to compensate for differences in ammunition.

The Hakim's gas impingement system for its semi-auto action, other than the adjustment valve, is the same as on the Ljungman, and similar to the later M16. With gas impingement, the energy transmits as pressurized gas from a barrel port near the muzzle through a small tube, covered by the handguard wood, along the top of the barrel back to the receiver, where it exits through a tightly fitting connector to the top of the bolt cover. There the pressure not only pushes the bolt carrier to the rear, compressing a return spring, but it also causes the bolt carrier to pull the bolt assembly rearward, which in turn extracts and ejects the empty case, and recocks the hammer. Meantime, the magazine follower has pushed up the next fresh round ready to be pushed forward by the now-rebounding bolt carrier, then loaded and locked into the firing chamber. Squeeze the trigger and the whole cycle repeats, through the 10-round magazine. After the final round in the magazine fires, the bolt carrier, cover, and assembly lock open to the rear position, awaiting fresh ammo.

I believe the stock disk (close-up shown above) reads, "Infantry" along with a rack number. It may also be upside down.

I actually found and bought this one on the internet for a very reasonable price, since it was missing the extractor claw. Better yet, it was at a gun shop less than 50 miles from home, so I simply drove there and picked it up. I ordered the missing part, and while waiting for it to arrive, tore down the rifle, smoothed some 'whiskers' in the wood, reblued the bolt cover, cleaned every piece, reassemble. Installed new claw, ready to shoot.

Shooting this rifle is quite a treat. Very little kick, since the gun is pretty heavy, plus the semi-auto action absorbs much of the recoil energy, plus it is equipped with a muzzle brake, as original. And it really throws the empty brass up and away - quite a display. I used Olympic ammo here because I thought it would be better for the gun than German WW2 or Turkish 8mm, the Oly being current production and non-corrosive ammo. Well, it worked okay at 100 yards, and I think better ammo would yield better results. The Olympic ammo could be heard and felt to differ in velocity and pressure from round to round. And several of the rounds smelled real bad after firing; like really rotten eggs. ...Know what I mean?